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|As a follow-up to the October 2006 release of a Climate Change Plan and legislation by then-Environment Minister Rona Ambrose (see Canada Initiatives for more information), in April 2007 Environment Minister John Baird announced a new climate plan for Canada, entitled Turning the Corner: An Action Plan to Reduce Greenhouse Gases and Air Pollution.
The plan sets mandatory targets for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions intensity for major industries that produce greenhouse gases, such as:
The Conservative government's commitment is to reduce national absolute greenhouse gas emissions by 20% from 2006 levels by 2020.
- electricity produced by combustion
- oil and gas
- forest products
- smelting and refining
- iron and steel
- cement, lime, and chemicals production
- some mining sectors
Canada's international commitment under the Kyoto Protocol is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 6% below 1990 levels by 2012. Under the current government's plan, Canada will not reach its 2012 Kyoto commitments until at least 2023.
In contrast, the European Union agreed in March 2007 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20% below 1990 levels by 2020.
The EU plan also sets national limits for industrial emissions for air pollutants that cause acid rain and smog:
View the March 2008 report update Turning the Corner: Regulatory Framework for Industrial Greenhouse Gas Emissions
- Nitrogen oxides (NOx),
- Sulphur oxides (SOx),
- Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and
- Particulate matter (PM)
View the April 26, 2007 Environment Canada release and background materials for Turning the Corner: An Action Plan to Reduce Greenhouse Gases and Air Pollution
Download Government of Canada's Regulatory Framework for Air Emissions (PDF)
In 2006, Canada's 'New Conservative Government' removed the Government of Canada's Climate Change website
2005 Implementation Plans
Almost two and a half years after the release of its Climate Change Plan, the Government of Canada unveiled its plan for the implementation of the plan. The first phase of the now defunct "Project Green" was the release of the publication entitled Moving Forward on Climate Change: A Plan for Honouring our Kyoto Commitment on April 13, 2005.
Visit the Environment Canada web site for the news release, backgrounder, summary brochure, and a pdf version of the report. (This link is no longer active.)
There was criticism of the plan, and some groups noted that the timelines for implementation are tight if Canada is to meet its Kyoto commitments, as outlined in the 2002 Climate Change Plan and the 2005 Implementation Plan.
The Pembina Institute issued a press release and backgrounder on June 13, 2005 that laid out a schedule of implementation steps for the government to take in 2005 to be credibly on track to meet our Kyoto target, which begins to apply in just two-and-a-half years time.
The Pembina Institute intends to issue regular reports during the remainder of the year on the government's progress in meeting the schedule released June 13, 2005. With the change in government in 2006, the Pembina Institute shifted its focus.
View June 13, 2005 Pembina Institute press release, Pembina Institute Says Ottawa Must Meet Key Kyoto Deadlines in 2005
Download June 13, 2005 Pembina Institute Backgrounder, Meeting Our Kyoto Obligation: Canada's Essential Implementation Steps in 2005 (PDF)
The Kyoto Protocol, and international negotiations and discussions surrounding growing scientific evidence of human influence on the world's climate were the motivation for Government of Canada to develop a Climate Change Plan for Canada.
In December 2002, Canada ratified the Kyoto Protocol, meaning that both the House of Commons and the Senate voted to support Canada's commitments under Kyoto. Most first ministers - Premiers of provinces in Canada - urged the Prime Minister to ratify.
On November 21, 2002, the Government of Canada released the Climate Change Plan for Canada. It was the result of 'consultations' with provinces and territories, industry, and non-governmental organizations. (The plan followed the May 2002 release of a Discussion Paper on Canada's Contribution to Addressing Climate Change and an October 24, 2002 release of the Climate Change Draft Plan: Achieving our Commitments Together).
Download the Climate Change Plan for Canada (PDF)
View November 21, 2002 News Release - Canada's Climate Change Plan
The following key principles guided the Plan:
- It must be a made-in-Canada approach based on collaboration, partnerships and respect for jurisdiction.
- There must be a reasonable sharing of benefits and burdens requiring responsible investment by all.
- Our approach must be transparent and proceed step by step, keeping our Plan evergreen.
- Minimize mitigation costs and maximize benefits.
- Promote innovation.
- Limit uncertainties and risks.
The federal government released its report, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation: a Canadian Perspective in July 2004. Chapters focusing on the various sectors and specific areas impacted were released as they were finalized in 2002 and 2003.
Download Agriculture Chapter (PDF)
Download Forestry Chapter (PDF)
Download Water Resources Chapter (PDF)
As of 2006 and the election of the Conservative government, this web page and these reports are no longer available.